North Korea

49 countries in violation of North Korea sanctions

A new report reveals that the North Korean regime has become adept at avoiding sanctions – and at finding countries that are willing to do business with it. What traders can do to support.

Despite tough restrictions imposed by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), 49 countries are violating international sanctions against North Korea. That’s the finding of a new report by the Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS) released on December 5, 2018. 

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To better understand North Korea’s strategies and methods for defeating sanctions, the Institute collected and analyzed North Korea’s procurement activities as reported in United Nations Panel of Experts reports from March 2014 to September 2017 and published the relevant findings in condensed form to support the call for urgent action.

Online access to the full new report of December 5, 2017 
More on DPRK: UNSC Resolution 2397/2017 adoption of December 22, 2017 

The new report, entitled “Countries Involved in Violating UNSC Resolutions on North Korea,” states that “in its efforts to further its nuclear, missile, and conventional military programs, North Korea seeks to undermine international sanctions and the export control laws of other countries. It has long attempted to find sympathetic governments or countries with weak or nonexistent export controls that will supply these programs or be more conducive to military and commercial cooperation.” 

It finds a total of 49 countries to be complicit in various forms of violations of UNSC sanctions resolutions on North Korea. Using the Peddling Peril Index (PPI), the Institute considered these 49 countries in terms of their overall ranking in the index and the rigorousness of their export control legislation. 

The PPI is an index that ranks 200 countries, territories, and entities according to their capabilities and demonstrated success in implementing strategic export controls, with a focus on efforts to prevent nuclear and other strategic commodity trafficking. This chapter that the Institute has now published summarizes alleged UN sanctions violations and discusses the export control and corruption challenges affecting these countries. 

The Institute’s findings indicate that in pursuing its banned or illegal activities, North Korea often cooperates with or otherwise exploits countries with weak or nonexistent export and proliferation financing controls and those that suffer on average from more corruption than other countries. 

Punitive measures are an effective means to accelerate more compliant behavior in the short term, though a range of remedies is needed (and recommended in this report) to fix the poor performance of many of the countries on this list and prevent other countries from illicit dealings with North Korea.

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